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FAQ

Ordering

I would like to purchase a Codan Radio system. How do I go about this?

Contact Sales at Codan Radio Communications directly via sales enquiry, email or phone as per the details on our Contact webpage. You can also request a quote via our LMR Request Quote and HF Request Quote webpages.

For an LMR System, we typically require the following information in order to quote:

  • Frequency band (low band, VHF, UHF, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, AM, etc.)
  • RF power output (8 Watts, 30 Watts, 100 Watts, etc.)
  • Frequencies and Bandwidth (Optional for Quote, Required for Order)
  • Tone Signaling (CTCSS, DTMF, DCS)
  • Cabinets or Racks
  • Duplexers or Relays
  • Detailed Configurations

For a HF System, we typically require the following information in order to quote:

  • System type (Base, Mobile/Vehicular, Portable/Manpack)
  • Type of transceiver required
  • Power source
  • Brief outline of capabilities required

What configurations are Codan Radio LMR Systems capable of providing?

Codan Radio Land Mobile Radio (LMR) Systems can be configured in a multitude of ways. The following lists the more frequent configurations:

  • Repeaters – Codan radios can be configured as standard voice repeater systems with a variety of power outputs and signaling requirements.
  • Base Stations – Codan radios can be connected to IP (LAN/WAN), microwave or land line interfaces to operate as a base station with multiple function capability (channel switching, subtone selection, etc.).
  • Crossband Repeaters – Codan radios can be configured in many different crossband configurations. Typical crossband systems consist of two interconnected repeaters and/or base stations, however, Codan radios can be connected to accommodate triple or quadruple crossband systems.
  • Hot / Cold Standby Radios – Codan systems can be configured as redundant radio systems for extremely reliable system requirements (aviation communications for example).
  • Linked Repeaters – A crossband repeater consisting of a standard repeater with a link radio connected to the repeater.
  • Paging Systems – Codan systems can be configured for most 2-level and 4-level paging formats as paging stations or paging repeaters.
  • Simulcast Systems – Codan radios can be configured for simulcast operation for both analog and P25 digital radio systems using a variety of simulcast control functions and features.
  • Transportable Repeaters – Codan Radios can be mounted in custom designed transportable cases for use in emergencies, special events, to provide additional coverage, as spare repeaters, etc.
  • Trunking Systems – A variety of trunking systems are available from Codan for both analog and P25 digital operation.  Single site trunking (including transportable configurations) and multi-site, wide area trunking are common configurations.
  • Voting Systems – Codan provides repeater voting capabilities over IP, RF link and landline backhauls using a suite of voting solutions.

Installation

Do your products work in a tropical climate?

Codan Radio has an unsurpassed reputation for reliable operation across the globe, including many systems operating in equatorial regions with very high humidity.  Codan radios are built tough, the majority withstanding operating temperatures of -30°C – +60°C and adhering to the MIL-STD-810 family environmental standard for dust, shock, and vibration.   Our products are typically meet full specification in up to 95% relative humidity (non-condensing).

What are the power requirements for your radios?

The majority of Codan radios are designed for 12 V DC nominal operation,  with relatively low power consumption. This allows direct operation from vehicular, storage battery or solar sources. We also supply adaptors and mains power supplies allowing operation from wide-range DC inputs, or universal (100-240 V AC nominal) mains. Our higher powered power amplifiers that require mains power to operate.

What do I require to install a Codan LMR radio system?

Installing a Codan LMR radio system can require the following equipment:

A) Power Supply – Codan radio systems are powered by 10 to 16 Volts DC power input. An AC power supply can be supplied from Codan for 110 / 220 Volts AC power input. This power supply connects to the DC power input.

B) Antenna – Codan provides a 50 Ω impedance connection to an antenna on the transmitter and receiver modules. Codan can provide antenna relays, duplexers, combiners and multicouplers for antenna connection based on your requirements.

C) Rack or Cabinet – Codan radio systems are designed to be mounted in an industry standard 19” rack. Cabinets with locking doors, open frame relay racks, transportable enclosures and portable cases can be provided by Codan to meet your mounting requirements.

D) Housings – Repeater sites typically require a specialized building to mount the equipment in. The type of building depends on the environmental conditions and location of the site.

E) Console or Remotes – Codan supplies tone remote adapters for base stations connecting to consoles or tone remotes.

How do I install my HF radio in my car?

Codan provides installation information in the user manuals purchased as part of your HF system. For mobile stations, Codan offers an installation kit which includes cradles for the RF unit and handset and the various cables and looms required for installation. Codan recommends the installation of your HF radio be performed by an appropriately authorised person. It is important that the electrical wiring is safe and provides optimal RF performance. For large installations Codan offers competitively priced training services. Please contact your dealer or your local support centre for assistance.

Tuning

How do I change channels in the Codan MT-4E synthesized transmitter and receiver modules?

The transmitter and receiver synthesizer monitors four channel select lines (CSEL3 to CSEL0) that are connected at the rear of the motherboard. The states of these channel select lines will determine the channel that the transmitter or receiver will operate on. The channel select lines operate in a binary fashion, where a high (+9.5Vdc) is a ‘1’ and a low (ground) is a ‘0’. The channel select lines are read from Most Significant Digit (CSEL3) to Least Significant Digit (CSEL0) and form a four digit binary code.

A binary code of 0000 (all four channel select lines grounded) will result in transmitter or receiver operation on channel 1. A binary code of 0001 will result in transmitter or receiver operation on channel 2, and so forth. A binary code of 1111 (all four channel select lines at +9.5 Vdc) will result in transmitter or receiver operation on channel 16.

Control of the channel select lines can be done by three different methods:

A) The motherboard has four channel select jumpers and a power enable jumper for each transmitter and receiver in the subrack. These jumpers can be selected in the +9.5 Vdc position (1 or up) on the motherboard or in the grounded (0 or down) position. The power enable jumper must be installed for these jumpers to operate.

B) Rotary switches can be mounted on the front of the Audio Control Card and wired into the channel select jumpers allowing control of channel selection through 16 position selectable front panel rotary switches.

C) The channel select lines can be routed to an external source through the auxiliary control connector on the motherboard, allowing channel selection by third party equipment such as tone remote adapters.

Service & Support

Who do I contact for service and support?

Codan has accredited service centres worldwide. For contact information please see www.codanradio.com/support

Are there sources online for more information on your products?

All our products are featured on the website with datasheets and brochures, in addition, we have a library which contains datasheets, technical notes, brochures, training guides and service bulletins. Visit our library at www.codanradio.com/library. If you can’t find what you’re looking for, contact your local Codan support centre.

Can I readily get spare parts for Codan radios?

Codan maintains a spare parts catalogue for our HF and LMR radios. Please contact your dealer, distributor or your local support centre for purchase.

I need to return equipment to the factory for repair or assessment. What do I need to do in order to send the equipment back?

While Codan products are known for their extraordinarily high level of reliability, if you should encounter any problems, please contact Codan’s service and support. Contact details are located on our Support webpage.

To return equipment to Codan Radio Communications factory in Canada, the Codan service department must first issue an RMA ( Return Materials Authorization) number to you. This RMA number needs to be written on the outside of the box when returned to the factory. For further instruction on RMA, visit our Technical Support webpage.

Where can I find the user manual for my radio?

For Codan radios, user manuals are purchased as part of the product package, additional hard and soft copies can be purchased. Please contact your dealer, distributor or local support centre for purchase.

Do you have a mechanism in place to tell the customers when a product is being discontinued? If so, how much longer will support be available?

Discontinued products will be announced on our website and customers will be informed of such discontinuance directly and via our quarterly newsletter. Codan will provide a support plan for discontinued products as part of the discontinuance announcement. Discontinued product announcements can be accessed via the dedicated area on the Codan Radio website library.

LMR Products

Is the Codan MT-4E being discontinued?

No, the Codan MT-4E is not being discontinued.

As the MT-4E is a proven product with a history of reliability in the field, development efforts are focused onadding further functionality to this already capable product.

To learn more about the Codan MT-4E and the future focus, please read the MT-4E 2018 Update.

What’s the difference between High Frequency (HF) & Land Mobile Radio (LMR)?

The main difference between HF and LMR is the frequency range:
HF
The HF frequency band is 3 – 30 MHz. HF radios are long range radios capable of communicating beyond-line-of-sight (BLOS) without pre-installed infrastructure.
LMR
LMR encapsulates the VHF (30 – 300 MHz), UHF (300 – 3000 MHz) and 700 MHz, 800 MHz and 900 MHz frequency ranges. LMR equipment such as handheld or vehicle radios are generally limited to line-of-sight, up to around 50 kms (30 miles). LMR systems often use a network of repeaters to produce greater range.

What does an Antenna Relay for a LMR System do?

Antenna relays are an option for the system regulator within a LMR System. An antenna relay provides a connection between the antenna and either the TX when the radio is transmitting or the RX whenever the radio is not transmitting.

It is used in a simplex configuration with 1 antenna, i.e. when you do not need to transmit and receive at the same time. (If you wanted to do that, you would not use an antenna relay; instead, you would need either a duplexer or two antennas)

The antenna relay is connected to the Transmitter, Receiver and antenna via RF cables. The receiver is on the normally closed side of the relay and when the PTT on the microphone or console is keyed, it switches to the transmitter port.

What are the two different types of Codan LMR receiver modules and what are their features?

Codan offers both Class A and Class B (TIA industry standard defined) receiver modules in some of the more common LMR frequency bands.  Main differences:

Class A receiver specs are designed for operation at densely populated (typically urban) communication sites where other radio systems are present and creating potential interference. The Class A offers protection from much of this potential interference, with a trade-off of higher operating current on the Codan receiver.

Class B receiver specs are not as stringent as Class A, and are designed more for radio sites with little to no potential for interference from other radio systems. This is commonly found in rural and remote communication sites. The trade-off is that the Class B receiver draws far less operating current (almost 75%) which lends itself well to remote solar powered communications sites.

What does a System Regulator for a LMR System do?

The system regulator provides several functions to the radio within a LMR System. It contains a voltage regulator for the incoming DC power. It contains an amplifier and speaker so you can hear the audio from the receiver. It has jacks and a rotary switch to select different test points through the radio.

Finally, it is a place to mount an antenna relay or optional meter.

What does an Audio Control Card for a LMR System do?

An audio control card is used to route all the signals in the radio and send them to their proper destination within a LMR System. All PTT (Push to talk) COR (Carrier operated relay) and audio signals are sent through it as well as optional signals like CTCSS and DTMF. It is also where these optional modules are mounted.

What does a Tone Remote Adapter for a LMR System do?

A tone remote adapter connects the radio to a console in another location via a wireline connection, usually a telephone line within a LMR System.

The tone remote decodes function tones sent from the console to manipulate the operation of the radio. (e.g. change channels.) The tone remote will also send the audio to and from the radio and console so the operator’s voice will be broadcast out the radio and incoming signals will be heard back at the console. The tone remote can also generate signals to be broadcast. (e.g. CTCSS tones) It is usually used in a base station configuration, but can also be used to key a repeater remotely.

HF Products

What is ALE on HF radio and why do I need it? Is it the same as CALM?

ALE refers to HF Automatic Link Establishment (ALE). Most ALE systems in use today operate according to the US federal standard (FED-STD-1045) or the higher specification Military standard (MIL-STD-188-141B). ALE is a mechanism allowing a HF radio to automatically determine the best channel to use to make a link. CALM is a Codan propriety adaptation of ALE that offers full compatibility with the ALE standards plus advanced features that provide better performance. For example, CALM monitors channel conditions across a 24 hour period rather than scoring channel performance on a one-off basis as per the ALE standard. Codan ALE offers convenient features such as text messaging, GPS position send / request, group and broadcast calling.

What GPS capability is available on HF products?

Our HF transceivers – Manpacks, NGT and Envoy – all have support for GPS, with the exception of  NGT VR. An external GPS receiver can be connected, or some models can be fitted with an internal GPS receiver. Once your system is equipped with a GPS receiver and the appropriate calling options, your Codan radio can both request and send GPS coordinates. You can also receive distance and bearings between two radios or from a portable / mobile to a base. Codan also offers provides tracking software, which allows map-based tracking of assets from a base station. For radio’s using frequency hopping, the GPS is used for time synchronisation.

My HF radio cannot get GPS sync, why?

Generally if your GPS sync isn’t working, it may be that your GPS receiver is not plugged in or your GPS receiver can’t see the sky, there may be something obscuring its view, therefore you will need to reorient the receiver. For NGT and Envoy models you may need to check the connector setting is configured for GPS. For our Manpacks, the GPS receiver is installed in the front panel so you need to make sure the front panel is pointing towards the sky.

For the Codan HF products that support “data”, what kind of data is this? How fast is it transmitted?

Codan provides a range of data options for different applications, with capability for messaging, email and chat. The rates are generally between 75 bps and 9,600 bps (not including data compression), depending on channel conditions and the modem option you have installed. Codan’s robust low rate modem (available as a software option in Envoy X2 or as an external unit – 3012) provides data throughput up to 2,400 bps (uncompressed) or 6,000 bps (compressed), and is a highly cost effective option. Codan also provides full MIL-STD modem options (available as an internal option in the 2110 & Envoy X2 or as an external unit – RM50e).  This provides data according to MIL-STD-188-110A & B, with rates up to 9,600 bps.  When used with an independent sideband capable radio, the rate can be up to 19,200 bps. All data capability will depend on channel conditions.

How do I choose the best antenna for my HF system?

For mobile applications, we generally recommend the Codan 3040 Automatic Whip Antenna. For more demanding applications, the 3042 tuner and associated whip is recommended.  For base station applications, we generally recommend the 411 Terminated Folded Dipole Antenna, or a full-delta, if sufficient space is available. Proper antenna selection requires consideration of many parameters including desired range of operation, available frequencies, transmit power levels, space constraints, and type of service being provided (voice / data). Codan offers a wide range of antennas and masts for different requirements. Please visit our Antennas & Masts area for information on our range. For assistance with antenna selection contact Codan.

What’s the difference between the Codan 3040 Automatic Whip Antenna and Codan 9350 Automatic Whip Antenna? How do I select which is best for my configuration?

Both the 3040 and 9350 antennas suit mobile applications and are very similar in performance. The 3040 is the modern, compact, electronic tuning equivalent of the 9350, the 9350 is electro-mechanically tuned. Both the 3040 and 9350 are rugged and tough, they both use the same overall whip lengths however the body of the 3040 is considerably smaller, making it easier to install on a vehicle.

When do I need to use a Mast in a HF system?

Most base station antennas require a mast. The antenna consists of the wires and transformers used for communication, however they require a mast for the antenna to be erected in the air. The mast consists of aluminium or fibreglass poles, and guy wires which prevent movement of the mast under antenna, wind and ice loading. A mast height is generally between 10 and 15 metres.

How do I select the right modem for my Codan HF system?

Modem selection typically depends on the speed you require for communication. For the fastest possible connection, we recommend our MIL-STD-188-110A/B type modems, which provide 9,600 bps (19,200 bps with ISB) in optimal conditions. For cost sensitive applications our robust low-rate modem provides 2,400 bps.

How do I load a profile or key to my HF radio?

For Codan NGT and Manpacks radios, profiles are loaded using our NSP software, and a serial or USB port connection to the transceiver. For Envoy, TPS software is used to create a profile.  Profiles can then be loaded via USB cable, IP connection or via USB memory stick. Keys are loaded using either our KMS or KFS software on NGT, Manpack and Envoy HF transceivers.

My HF radio is locked and I can’t find the ADMIN PIN, what should I do?

Please contact Codan if you can’t find your ADMIN PIN. To clear the ADMIN PIN, we will need to know the Electronic Serial Number (ESN) and the physical serial number of the radio to validate the authenticity of the radio. Once the ESN and physical serial number have been provided Codan will generate an option code to clear the Admin PIN. Additional instructions on entering option codes will also be provided.

To find the ESN use one of the following sequences;

For NGT and 2110 series transceivers

While the transceiver is requesting the admin PIN, press and hold the button on the keypad. You will be prompted to enter an Option Code. Above this you will see the ESN.

For Envoy and Sentry-H series transceivers

Using the Control Point

Press Menu

Select the Information icon and press OK

Select Option Password  and press OK

The ESN is shown at the top of the screen.

What is the ESN on a HF radio? How do I find it? Is it the same as the serial number?

The ESN is the Electronic Serial Number, it is not the same as the serial number. The serial number is a manufacturing serial number printed on your HF radio. Your RF unit, handset and junction box will all have serial numbers. The ESN is a number electronically reported via the radio. To find the ESN, navigate to the appropriate place in the menu, which will depend on the model of radio you are using. Please see your user manual for the location of your ESN in your transceiver menu.

What does the emergency button on my HF radio do?

The emergency button is a single touch button used to make a pre-defined call type which is usually set up as an emergency call. Typically, it is programmed to call a predefined station using an emergency call type and if possible, send the GPS coordinates of the radio sending the emergency. It can be programmed to do a chain call to alert a number of stations of your emergency, placing an emergency call to each station programmed as part of the chain call.

What do I need to enter in the HF radio to do an all call?

An all call is a type of ALE call, using the syntax @?@. Instead of placing a call to a specific address, you can place a call to the all call address @?@ and the call will be sent to everyone in your address book.

What is the difference between FED-STD and MIL-STD ALE?

FED-STD refers to the FED-STD-1045 ALE, MIL-STD refers to the MIL-STD-181-141B ALE. FED-STD ALE has the basic ALE feature set for calling and messaging, MIL-STD has additional features such as net calling, selective call types and LQA exchange. Net calling allows you to group your users into nets, so rather than calling a particular person or everyone, you can call a certain group indentified by a net. With MIL-STD ALE you also have a variety of selective call types – such as global all-call, selective all-call, global any-call, selective any-call, double any-calls and more. Advanced ALE, part of MIL-STD ALE, enables you do LQA exchange.

What is ALE LQA on a HF radio?

LQA stands for Link Quality Assessment and is a score of how good the HF propagation is. With LQA exchange, HF stations can exchange information about how good they can hear each other, which results in better performance as a station knows how well another station is receiving and can make decisions about which frequencies to use.

What is Selcall on a HF radio?

Selcall is an abbreviation for Selective Calling. Selcall is a basic tone based calling system with the capability to call selective radios with a tone sequence over air. It is similar in concept to using a telephone. HF stations typically are scanning all channels on mute, with SelCall, a station will send out a tone sequence that all other stations will hear, for the station that identifies with the tone sequence, that station will ring and open mute.  Codan Selcall also provides for group and broadcast call types.

HF Software

Do I need to update my HF radio’s firmware?

You don’t have to update your firmware, your radio will be fully operational without firmware updates. However, should Codan recommend a firmware update for any reason, the firmware upgrade can be easily completed using NSP / TPS software, or direct through USB stick (Envoy radio series). Firmware updates generally provide your radio with new capabilities, or may address software bug fixes.

Can the firmware on my HF radio be updated without sending units back to the factory?

Yes – all modern Codan HF radios can be firmware upgraded anywhere, returning the radio to the factory is not required.

Where can I find HF firmware updates on your website? Can I download previous versions?

In the event that your radios require a firmware upgrade, the appropriate files will be provided by your Codan dealer, distributor or technical support person.

On which operating systems are the Codan software products supported?

The operating systems supported are dependent on the software product. Codan software generally supports Microsoft Windows®, however please check your software product datasheet for specifications.